7 Productive Things To Do With An Raised Garden Beds In Fall & Winter
The comfortable and cool temperature in autumn is the best time to seize the growth of the next season.
For these preparations now, your future yourself will thank you.
1. Plant garlic
The garlic cloves grown in autumn are usually better than the garlic cloves planted for the first time in spring.
When the soil is still warm in autumn, give them root for a month or two. When the ground thawed in March and April, the bulbs will go further in development.
Once the matter warms again, garlic plants will grow quickly. Green Bud will be one of the first things to welcoming you in spring.
The additional time means that you can harvest big bulbs in midsummer. If you wait until spring planting garlic, the bulbs will become smaller or only a single petal, and it is not ready to gain until autumn.
The best time for sowing autumn garlic is mid -September to November.
However, the earlier you put them underground, they will grow more roots.
2. Sowing onion
Onion is another kind of green onion that benefits from autumn. Now snuggle them in the soil, they will become more cold -tolerant plants in spring.
The most convenient way to prepare huge juicy bulbs for next year is to use onion suits. These immature bulbs are about one year old. When planting in autumn, the onion group will have a considerable growth advantage than the onion that starts from the seeds.
Onion suits can be planted in the garden 4 to 6 weeks before the first hard freezing.
Although the bulbs will become smaller during harvest, you can also plant onions from the seeds in autumn. At least 8 to 10 weeks before the first frost were sowed directly into the garden.
Add a thin layer of coverage immediately after sowing. This will protect the bed from the infringement of weeds while keeping the soil moist.
When the bean sprouts pierced the soil, apply some covers to help keep it beautiful and grilled bread under the bulbs.
Before the first frost, add a few inches of coverage. A large amount of coverage before the cold will enable them to continue to grow these roots. More roots mean greater light bulbs.
3. Planting cool season crops
Green leafy vegetables such as 、, lettuce, spinach, sesame vegetables, and Swiss beet has the ability to survive (even thrive) at a cool temperature.
These green plants areolate these green plants by covering a large amount around plants. To invest in a floating cover, you will be able to continue to harvest these cuts and reappeared varieties until winter
Other chilled choices include rhizome vegetables, such as carrots, radishes, big heads, European windproof grass, radish and beets. Plant these crops into the garden in the late summer to autumn -the sooner the better, the better them. As the temperature decreases, apply a thick layer of coverage.
Although you may not harvest these rhizome -like vegetables this year, the extra growth time will ensure that they are big and beautiful in the next season.
Like garlic and onions, rhizome vegetables will sleep in winter, but once the soil warms up in early spring, it will restore things to high -speed operation.
4. Start eating perennial plants
We often think that spring is the best time for planting gardens. But when it comes to perennial plants, the growth conditions in autumn are more suitable for these seemingly immortal varieties.
The changes in perennial plants are perfectly coordinated. Although the top will definitely die at the temperature below zero, their root systems will continue to grow until the ground frozen.
In autumn, the root will be established faster because the soil is still warm. In contrast, the root system of perennial plants grown in spring is slow, because the soil is still quite cold when entering.
Asparagus, Korean thistle, rhubarb, spicy root, Lovig, blueberry, etc. Once you come back in spring, it will be harder and more mature.
5. Improve the soil
In terms of gardening, cultivation of plant life usually occupies a center position. But equally important (if it is not more important) to take care of the soil's health.
After a long and effective growth season, the soil in the garden or viaduct will be quite exhausted in most key nutrients and minerals.
Use autumn stop time to prepare soil next spring.
In order to ensure your soil health, fertile and rich microorganism, you only need to add more organic matter.
This can be composed. Or aged chicken dung. Or biological charcoal. Or leaf mold.
The fertilization soil rich in carbon -rich organic materials will maintain good feeding and active soil microorganisms. These little guys in turn will improve the soil structure, provide nutrients for plants, buffer the pH value, and provide resistance to pests.
Some people like to add fresh livestock feces or compost that they just harvested at the top of the bed in autumn, making it aging in winter. In the early spring, the bed was flipped, rotten for another month, and then planted.
6. Plant green fertilizer
Another wonderful way to maintain a healthy soil in winter is to sow the crops in the empty bed in autumn.
Planting green fertilizer is particularly useful in the excavated garden because the soil will not be disturbed during the whole process.
Sowing in autumn, green fertilizer will grow until winter inevitably die. Leave them in place until spring. Then you can cut them down (leaving their roots on the ground) and sprinkle their wreckage on the surface of the soil.
Compared with the naked bed, there are several advantages with green fertilizer filled with the empty garden.
The roots of plants fix the soil to the appropriate position to prevent the runoff, erosion and compacking caused by heavy rain and heavy snow.
When you choose clover, tadpoles, beans, or other nitrogen agents as covering crops, you will also supplement key nutrients for soil.
Planting them densely, green fertilizer also helps keep your bed without weed.
7. Apply autumn cover
Regardless of the planting or not, if there is no cover as the last step, the closure of the vegetable garden will be incomplete.
Covering the empty bed will increase the protection barrier on the exposed soil. Just like hiding the garden in a long and cold nap, the coverage will lower the soil and protect it from the influence of wind, rain and snow.
The cover helps keep the soil complete and reduce erosion, compaction and runoff. Select organic coverage, you will also increase some fertilizer. Covering items now also means that weeds that need to be removed in spring will be greatly reduced.
There are many choices when purchasing garden covers.
Classic choices such as straw, sawdust and wood chips are always a good choice.
Looking around your yard, you may find that other free covers -grass chips, autumn leaves, pine needles and pine cones can all become excellent covers.
At a critical juncture, a few layers of cardboard (or several layers of newspapers) can also solve the problem.