Can You Grow Peanuts In The Garden Beds?
If you go to the southeast of the United States, there is no doubt that you will see many signs urging you to buy real southern grown peaches, pecans, oranges and peanuts from the next export. Although these delicious fruits and nuts may be the pride of the south, we people in the north can still grow some. That is to say, peanuts need a long and warm growing season, so those of us who have a cool climate need to plant them in garden beds to prolong the growing season.
Grow peanuts in containers
Peanuts, scientifically known as Arachishypogaea, are hardy in 6 to 11 districts. They belong to the legume family and are classified as tropical plants. Because of this, many people in cool climates may think, "Can you grow peanuts in containers? Yes, but they do have certain requirements.
As tropical plants, they thrive in hot, humid, sunny and humid but well drained soil. These growing needs should be considered before attempting to grow peanut plants in containers.
When grown from seeds, peanuts need at least 100 frost free days to mature. They also need a constant soil temperature of 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit (21-27 degrees Celsius) to germinate. In the north, it is necessary to start planting peanut seeds indoors, at least one month before the last frost date. If the weather is cool, you need to continue planting peanuts indoors.
There are four main types of peanuts that can be used as seeds:
Virginia peanuts produce large nuts that are perfect for baking.
The Spanish peanut is the smallest nut, usually used in nut mixtures.
Runner peanuts have medium sized nuts and are the most commonly used variety of peanut butter.
Valencia peanuts are the sweetest with bright red skin.
Peanut seeds can be purchased online or in the garden center. They are actually just peanuts, still in the shell. Peanuts should be kept in their shells until you are ready to plant them. When planting, they are shelled and the nuts are planted in seedling trays 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm) deep and 4 to 6 inches (10-15 cm) apart. After the plants have sprouted and reached a height of about 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm), you can carefully transplant them into larger pots.
How to plant peanut plants in raised garden beds
The process of peanut plant care in the flowerpot is very similar to that of potato planting. Soil or organic material is deposited around the two plants as they grow, so that they will produce more and better fruit. Because of this, container grown peanuts should be planted in garden beds that are more than one foot (30.5 cm) deep.
Usually, about five to seven weeks after germination, peanut plants will form small yellow flowers that look like sweet pea flowers. After the flowers wither, the plants will produce tendrils, called nails, which will grow to the soil. It is allowed to do so, and then the organic material is piled around the plant. Repeat this "climbing" every time the plant reaches a height of 7 to 10 inches (18-25.5 cm). A peanut plant can produce 1 to 3 pounds (0.5 to 1.5 kilograms) of peanuts, depending on how high you can climb it. The depth of container grown peanuts may be limited.
Organic materials provide sufficient nutrition for peanut plants, but once they bloom, you can feed them with high potassium and high phosphorus fertilizers. Legumes do not need nitrogen.
Peanut plants are ready to harvest within 90 to 150 days after germination, when the leaves turn yellow and wither. Peanuts are very nutritious, with high protein content, as well as vitamin B, copper, zinc and manganese.