Conditions and Requirements for Growing Mushrooms in Garden Beds

Growing mushrooms is an interesting and challenging horticultural activity. By cultivating mushrooms in your own garden, you can enjoy the pleasure of harvesting fresh and delicious mushrooms while observing their growth process. However, successful mushroom cultivation requires specific conditions and environments. This article will provide a detailed overview of the main conditions necessary for growing mushrooms in garden beds.



Mushrooms have strict temperature requirements. Generally, the suitable temperature range for mushroom growth is between 15 to 25 degrees Celsius. Within this range, the mycelium of mushrooms can grow and reproduce well. Extreme temperatures, either too high or too low, can negatively impact mushroom growth.


Mushrooms are shade-loving plants, which means they do not thrive in direct sunlight. Therefore, it is important to provide sufficient darkness when cultivating mushrooms. Ideally, the chosen location for mushroom cultivation in garden beds should be dark and shaded. Basements or other dark and humid areas beneath the garden beds are ideal spots for mushroom cultivation.


Mushrooms have high humidity requirements. The garden beds for mushroom cultivation should maintain a moist environment, but not excessively wet, as it can promote the growth of bacteria and other harmful organisms. Generally, a humidity level between 70% to 90% is considered ideal. You can increase the humidity in the garden beds by misting water or using damp cloths.


While mushrooms prefer a moist environment, proper ventilation is also crucial. Good airflow helps control the temperature and humidity in the garden beds and prevents the proliferation of pathogens. Ensure there is adequate air circulation around the garden beds by opening windows or installing ventilation devices.


Mushroom cultivation requires a suitable substrate. Typically, organic materials such as mushroom spawn, decomposed wood, wheat straw, or corn stalks can serve as appropriate substrates. Spread these substrates onto the garden beds and sprinkle mushroom spawn on top. Keeping the substrate moist facilitates mushroom growth.


Maintaining cleanliness is vital for successful mushroom cultivation. Regularly remove debris from the garden beds to prevent the growth of pathogens. Adhering to good sanitation practices helps minimize diseases and pests during the mushroom growth process.


Growing mushrooms in garden beds requires suitable temperature, shaded lighting, a moist environment, proper ventilation, and a suitable substrate. Maintaining cleanliness is also crucial for successful mushroom cultivation. By providing these conditions and environments, you can cultivate healthy and delicious mushrooms in your own garden beds and enjoy a bountiful harvest. Wishing you success in your mushroom-growing endeavors!