Do you want a dream vegetable garden？
Sunny Place and Watering
Organic Garden Soil and Mulch
For a healthy organic vegetable garden, you need to start with healthy soil. The most important component of soil is organic matter, such as manure, peat moss or compost - the latter is the best choice because it contains putrefactive microorganisms from previous plant life. These microorganisms provide nutrients for plants. You can create your own compost heap by specifying an area or trash can for organic matter decomposition. Or, if you have a large garden, you can buy it in bulk, or use bagged compost from the garden center and home improvement stores.
Reduce weeds by placing a 1 to 2 inch thick layer of mulch on the soil. It creates a barrier to prevent weeds from being exposed to sunlight and sprouting. This cover also prevents fungal spores from floating onto plant leaves. Use organic materials (such as cocoa husk, weedless straw or newspaper) as mulch, so that it will decompose and add beneficial organic matter to the soil.
Organic Garden Fertilizer
Fertilizing vegetables will help them grow faster and produce larger crops. The types of organic fertilizers include rotten fertilizers from herbivores (rabbits, horses, sheep, chickens) and prepackaged organic fertilizers purchased online or in local garden centers. You can also find a variety of organic fertilizers in the garden center and the household goods store.
If you already have fertile soil, consider skipping fertilization. Too many good things will make your plants grow luxuriantly and softly, which many pests like.
When purchasing seedlings, the promotion service experts recommend selecting plants with healthy colors for varieties without yellow leaves. Avoid drooping or withered leaves. When you purchase a graft, gently knock the plant out of the pot to ensure that the root is well developed and white. Avoid plants that have sprouted or blossomed. If you cannot avoid them, pinch off the buds and flowers before planting to ensure that the plant energy is concentrated on the new roots.
Environmentally-friendly Raised Beds
Elevated plots are popular because they are easier to care for on your back. Keep the bed small so that you don't have to reach too far or step on the soil.
Since many closely related plants are affected by the same disease, avoid planting them where their relatives grew a year or two ago. The two largest families to be noted are the tomato family (tomato, pepper, potato, eggplant) and the pumpkin family (pumpkin, pumpkin, cucumber, watermelon). Crop rotation to different parts of the garden helps limit the development of disease and deplete nutrients in the soil.
How to Remove Weeds
Gardeners should plan to weed almost every day. After rain or watering, it is easier to pull out weeds by hand. (If the soil is really wet and muddy, please wait until it becomes dry.) There are several ways to pull up weeds. One is to gently hold the stem base while pulling out the root. Or use a weeding trowel to pry open the root system. You can also use a hoe to scrape off the top of the weeds, taking care not to damage any vegetables. Note that weeds may regrow if the roots are not removed.
Weeds not only compete with your plants for water and nutrients, but also attract pests. Many insects transmit diseases when they eat and move from one plant to another. The most organic (and simplest) way to control insects in the garden is to remove them by hand. If you are very delicate, please wear gloves.
Keep The Garden Clean
Many diseases spread rapidly among dead leaves. So once a week (more often if possible), walk through your garden and pick up the leaves from the shed. You can sometimes prevent disease from spreading throughout the plant by removing infected leaves. Throw dead or diseased leaves into the trash, not compost.
Water Wisely and Give Air to Plants
Moist leaves, especially in the afternoon or evening, will promote the growth of mold such as powdery mildew or downy mildew. Do not water from the top of the head, but use a water-saving soaking hose to deliver water directly to the root and prevent splashing.
Be sure to follow the spacing requirements of seed bags to avoid crowding. Good airflow between plants helps prevent many fungal diseases.
Plants Flowers for Attracting Beneficial Insects
Plant some flowers like daisy, marigold, sunflower, etc around your garden to attract useful insects, including bumblebees and ladybugs that pollinate plants and mantis that prey on harmful insects.