Planting Spring Bulbs in Fall for Spectacular Spring Blooms Next Year
Bulbs are your ticket to a vibrant garden, requiring minimal effort once they're in the ground. Various bulbs bloom at different times throughout the year, but for a stunning spring display, consider tulips, daffodils, grape hyacinth, crocus, and hyacinth.
These spring-blooming bulbs can be planted any time during the autumn season until the ground hardens. They need several weeks of chilly temperatures to thrive, so if you reside in a year-round warm climate, opt for pre-chilled bulbs and don't expect them to return after blooming. These simple steps for planting spring bulbs will help you create a beautiful garden to enjoy next year.
How to Plant Individual Bulbs
A useful guideline is to dig a hole three times as deep as the bulb's height. For instance, if a bulb stands 3 inches tall, dig a 9-inch-deep hole. A hand trowel is an ideal tool to dig to the appropriate depth, and some garden trowels have markings to guide you.
Place the bulb in the hole with the pointed side up, roots facing down. If the bulb tilts slightly, don't fret; most will correct themselves as they grow. Fill the hole to cover the bulb, then water it to kickstart growth.
Pro Tip: Safeguard your newly planted area with mesh-like chicken wire to deter critters like squirrels and chipmunks. Alternatively, opt for animal-resistant bulbs such as daffodils, alliums, and snowdrops.
Planting Multiple Bulbs
When dealing with a large area and numerous bulbs, like a new flower bed, prepare the soil by loosening it with a spading fork or small tiller. Freshly-tilled soil makes bulb planting much easier. Once the soil is ready, arrange your bulbs with at least 4 inches of space between them. You can plant them in rows for a formal look or group them in small clusters for a natural appearance. After arranging the bulbs, plant each one as you would individually, ensuring a depth three times the bulb's height.
Pro Tip: For a more informal look, consider naturalizing bulb mixtures, which are cost-effective and come as a blend of various bulb types.
Pairing Bulbs with Perennials
Planting spring-blooming bulbs around existing perennials is a clever strategy for concealing fading bulb foliage. As the bulb foliage withers, many perennials, such as ferns and hostas, produce fresh growth, masking the declining bulb leaves.
When incorporating bulbs among perennials, a long-handled bulb planter is a valuable tool for tight spaces or to avoid stepping on plants. If there's more space between perennials, create a broader hole with a shovel and layer different-sized bulbs to create captivating bursts of color. Begin with larger bulbs like daffodils and hyacinths, then plant smaller bulbs like crocus and squill to the correct depth.
Pro Tip: Bulbs need their leaves to generate energy for next year's growth, so refrain from tidying up the foliage until it turns completely yellow and withers.
How to Replant Bulbs
Some bulbs, like daffodils, reliably return year after year without replanting, provided they experience the right weather conditions (most bulbs need a period of cold to bloom). Bulbs you can count on for reblooming include alliums, crocuses, daffodils, Siberian squill, and snowdrops.
Others will rebloom for a few years under favorable conditions but eventually stop producing, including hyacinths, crown imperials, grape hyacinths, and reticulated iris. To ensure annual blooms, consider planting a few more of these bulbs every fall. Finally, some bulbs are best treated as annuals, requiring replanting each year, such as tulips, freesia, Dutch iris, and ranunculus.