What Should Be Paid Attention To When Planting Tomatoes In Garden Beds
Growing tomatoes is one of the favorites of many garden lovers. Not only because they are easy to grow, but also because they are perennial plants, they can provide fresh tomatoes throughout the planting season. However, some key issues need to be paid attention to in order to grow tomatoes successfully. Especially when you plant on the garden bed, you need to consider such factors as soil, water, light and fertilizer. In this article, we will discuss how to plant tomatoes successfully on the garden bed, including the key issues that need attention and how to deal with them.
1.Bed selection: choose a garden bed suitable for planting tomatoes. Tomatoes need sufficient sunlight and well-drained soil. If the soil drainage is not good, sand or sapropel can be added to the bed to improve the soil quality. When planting on the garden bed, isolation measures can be taken to ensure that tomatoes are not disturbed by other plants.
2.Planting method: direct seeding or seedling transplanting can be used for planting. If the direct seeding method is adopted, a layer of fertilizer needs to be spread on the bed, and then the seeds need to be spread on the bed, covered with a layer of soil, slightly compacted and watered. If the method of transplanting seedlings is adopted, a layer of rotten leaf soil or chicken manure with moderate thickness can be paved around the seedlings, and a moderate humidity can be maintained.
3.Irrigation and fertilization: Tomatoes need to maintain a moderate humidity, but should not be over-watered to avoid rotting roots. Drip irrigation or sprinkler irrigation can be used for irrigation. During the growth of tomato, regular fertilization is required to ensure its healthy growth. You can choose organic fertilizer, such as decomposed compost or chicken manure.
4.Support and pruning: In order to prevent tomatoes from being attacked by moisture on the ground, you can build a support on the bed and wrap tomatoes on the support. Tomatoes also need to be pruned, and the withered leaves and branches should be removed in time to keep clean and ventilated, which will help to increase light and air circulation, thus improving the yield of tomatoes.
5.Prevention and control of diseases and insect pests: tomatoes are vulnerable to diseases and insect pests. Common diseases and insect pests include phytophthora, powdery mildew, spot disease, red spider, etc. Organic pesticides can be used for control, or biological control can be carried out by increasing the number of beneficial insects.
In short, planting tomatoes needs to take into account many aspects, including soil, irrigation, fertilization, scaffolding, pruning and pest control. Through reasonable planting management, we can improve the yield and quality of tomatoes and bring more delicious vegetables to our table. The following are some additional details that can further improve the planting effect of tomatoes:
Cultivation season: The cultivation season of tomatoes is usually in spring or autumn. In spring, planting can be started after the last frost; In autumn, it can be planted before the temperature drops to ensure that tomatoes can fully mature.
1.Plant density: pay attention to the spacing between plants when planting tomatoes. If the spacing between plants is too small, the competition between plants will be intensified, which will affect the growth and development of tomato. Generally, the spacing of each plant should be about 40 cm.
2.Pruning and pruning: During the growth of tomato, many unnecessary side branches will grow, which will consume the nutrition and energy of the plant. Therefore, regular pruning is required to remove unnecessary side branches and leaves in time to maintain the health and vitality of the plant. In addition, for some weaker side branches, the growth of the trunk can be promoted by pinching the buds.
3.Frequent observation: during the process of tomato planting, it is necessary to observe the growth of plants and the occurrence of diseases and pests. If signs of diseases and insect pests are found, timely measures should be taken to prevent the spread of diseases and affect the growth of plants.
In a word, there are many aspects to be paid attention to when planting tomatoes, including selecting suitable beds, irrigation, fertilization, scaffolding, pruning and pest control. Through reasonable management, the yield and quality of tomatoes can be improved, and more healthy and delicious vegetables can be brought to us.