Terminology from Olle Garden Bed: 10 Gardening Common Sense That A New Gardener Must Know
When you plan to start designing a private garden, you should be prepared to understand some gardening common sense (terminology). When you first try something in a new field, it is not easy to be familiar with various professional terms at once, right? Gardening is the same! Listen to the gardener's professional terminology of gardening. Do you understand every word clearly but don't understand it? Don't worry. Today, Garding, Germany, organized a good 10 gardening common sense for you to know that private gardens are not just flowers, grass, and walkways. Let's look down at the terminology! The following content also has some reference value for raised garden beds.
Horticultural terminology 1: annual, biennial and perennial plants
You must have heard these words of garden art very often? In fact, it depends on the growth cycle of plants. Annual plants are plants that complete the growth history of germination, growth, flowering, fruiting and withering within one year, and will not regenerate. Perennial plants can live for two or more years and can repeat the process from germination to flowering, fruiting and withering. The biennial plant has a whole growth history of two years and will not blossom in the second year, which means that the plant only has leaves in the first year and can only see the flowering and fruiting state in the second year.
Horticultural terminology 2: self-seeding plants
You may be too lazy to change a batch of new plants for your private garden in a year or two, so planting self-seeding plants is the best choice. They will sow seeds by themselves in their own growth cycle, so that the entire flower bed will continue to grow.
Horticultural terminology 3: acid soil and alkaline soil
The plants in private gardens need not only sunshine and rain to grow well, but also the nutrients in the soil. The quality of minerals in the soil depends on the acidity and alkalinity of the soil, which can be easily tested with the tools sold in the gardening shop. After knowing the acidity and alkalinity of the soil, select suitable plants for planting, and then take care of it easily and grow luxuriantly. The soil with ph value below 7.0 is acidic soil, the soil with ph value above 7.0 is alkaline soil, and the soil with ph value around 7.0 is neutral soil. The most suitable plants for neutral soil!
Horticultural Common Sense Terminology 4: Cutting
It is a way to buy plants and plant them yourself. However, if you see beautiful plants in other people's private gardens, you can also take them back to your own yard for planting by cutting, that is, take a small part of other people's plants and breed in your soil. Basically, 7 to 15 cm of pruning is the best. Take off the leaves on the branch, dip the exposed end into the rooting powder, and then put the branch into a container and cover it with breathable cloth and gauze. After one or two months of rooting, you can take it to the garden for planting!
Horticultural terminology 5: flower picking
It sounds a bit cruel, but it's not! It means that when a flower is completely withered, pick the withered flower before the seeds appear, and the plant can grow new buds, which will promote the growth of more new flowers, which will be more and more prosperous!
Horticultural Common Sense Terminology 6: Transplantation
If you want to plant new plants from seeds, you need to know how to transplant them. That is when the second small leaf begins to appear on the seedling, gently put it into the soil, so that there is a little more space around it for later growth. If you don't do this, the roots will get entangled and can't grow well. It is best to give each plant its own pot plant, which will grow well.
Horticultural terminology 7: support frame
Some plants, vegetables and fruits in private gardens are of high growth category, or vines, which are suitable for using supports such as support frame and shed frame to help plants grow steadily. Some people will use barbed wire, or bamboo trellis or bracket, which can better integrate into the environment.
Horticultural terminology 8: summer pruning
It is a big pruning of plants at the end of May and the beginning of June. In the summer, cut the plants to one third of their normal size, and then they will blossom better and more beautiful!
Horticultural terminology 9: intensification period
It's good to plant plants in the greenhouse at first, but if you want to move it outside later, drastic changes will make it maladaptive. There is a period of time called "strengthening period", which is to lengthen the outdoor time of seedlings day by day, so that they can gradually adapt and grow better.
Horticultural terminology 10: pinching buds
In order to make the plants in private gardens grow better, you need to promote the continuous growth of plants. Bud pinching is a way to pinch the tender buds at the top of the plant and promote more nutrients to grow new leaves. It can blossom and bear fruit as soon as possible, and will also make the plant grow stronger!