Tips to Grow Pepper Plants in Garden Bed

In most American vegetable gardens bed, the popularity of peppers is second only to tomatoes, and the reason is easy to understand. Few vegetables provide so many versatility in terms of size, shape, color and flavor. In addition to familiar sweet peppers, you will also find a variety of varieties -some are sweet, some are hot, and some are both.

If you don't care about the taste of pepper, you can still plant their ornamental attributes. With its white flowers, colorful fruits and upright growth habits, pepper plants are as popular as in flower beds and borders as in the vegetable garden. In fact, many newer varieties are cultivated only to show off them

Botanical name:
Pepper (the most type of plant)
Pepper (the hottest peppers, including Habinro and ghost peppers)
Pepper (known for Tabasco Chili)

Area: He was born in areas 9-11, and in other places for a year.

High: It is usually 18 to 36 inches, except for low small varieties, with a height range of 6 to 12 inches.

Exposure: All daylight (6-8 hours a day)

Number of expiration days: Most sweet peppers mature 60 to 90 days after transplantation to the garden. Pepper may take up to 150 days to mature.

How hot? The thermal value is usually expressed as the Scovil heat unit (SHU), and the range from gentle (0 to 700) to volcanic (higher than 800,000! Most peppers are in moderate to heat. And fluctuations. They can even be different on the same plant. One kind of peppers taste hot, and the other is gentle.
garden beds
When to grow:
After all frost -dangerous past paste peppers, the weather continues to warm, and the soil temperature reaches at least 65 ° F. Before transplantation, increase time interval in outdoor hardening your pepper plants.

Tips for cold climate planting:
Before planting, cover the soil with black plastic for at least one week, so as to quickly start soil warming.

Planting place:
Under sufficient sunlight (at least 8 hours a day), in the soil with rich nutrition and good drainage, it contains a large amount of organic matter.

How to plant:
Before planting, put some organic matter in the soil. Dig a deep hole to allow your plants to be the same as the level of the ground as the flower pot. Immediately after transplanting, water it. To help keep moisture and control weeds, cover a layer of chopped organic coverage on the soil around the plant.

Pepper plant spacing:
Space plants are about 18 to 24 inches apart, depending on their maturity.

Plant pepper seeds:
Start planting pepper seeds in the room 8 to 12 weeks before transplanting. Chili seedlings require warm soil temperature (about 80 ° F) to germinate. The average temperature during the day is 70 ° to 80 ° F, and the temperature at night is not less than 60 ° F. Keep the soil uniform and moist and provide sufficient light Sowing began) is also essential for making your seedlings a good start.
raised garden bed
Plant pepper in the flower pot:
Due to its upright and dense growth habits, pepper plants are very suitable for growing in containers -if your garden space is limited, this is a good choice. Choose a container to leave enough space for the development of the root system, and there is a well -drained with holes. Except for dwarf species, most plants need the smallest flower pot size of 5 gallons. Usually, the larger the fruit, the larger the pot.

Pepper partner planting:
*Some mutually beneficial plants are: carrots, Lales, Bangs, tomatoes, onions, eggplants, beets and Swiss beets.
*Keep your plant away from big heads and fennel, traditional pepper enemies, because they will attract pests.
*Chili, tomatoes, and eggplant are members of the family of eggplant (egglobed), and should not be planted on the same bed every year. This may encourage the spread of soil transmission and exhaust the important nutrients in the soil. Rotate these crops to another bed next season.

Pepper plant care and harvest

Pruning pepper plant: As general rules, trimming pepper plants is unnecessary. Chili is sensitive to the sunburn, so removing the leaves will expose them too much to the sun.

Water: The key to pouring peppers is moderate. Too few can cause the leaves to wither and the flowers fall; too much can cause the root soaking. Plants are equivalent to one inch of water every week, keeping the plant uniform and moist. When the weather is hot and sunny, they may need more water.

Pepper plant fertilizer: When planting peppers, fertilize with a balanced plant fertilizer, and fertilize it again when the first flower is prescribed in the first summer. Avoid using high nitrogen fertilizers, which will stimulate the growth of leaves, but will cause fruit production to decrease.

If you find that your plant has a lot of flowers, but there are very few results, which is usually caused by lack of magnesium. In order to enhance your plant, spray the leaves with a salt solution (about 2 teaspoons of use of warm water), or use 1 tablespoon of diarrhea salt per feet of plants per feet.

Put the sample pepper plant: Except for dwarf species, most pepper plants should be fixed or cage support to prevent their fragile branches from being broken and prevent plants from collapsed at the weight of the fruit when they mature. When tied with plants to a stake, use elastic materials, such as nylon hose strips, which will swell with the increase of stems. Do not use wire or tingling because they block plants when plant growth.
raised garden bed
Harvest peppers: Pepper can be harvested at any time, but it will not reach all its colors or flavors before they are completely mature. Picking some peppers early, while they are still green, they will encourage plants to grow more fruits. By leaving some peppers on each plant to make it completely mature and immediately harvest the required size to find a balance. Cut the pepper with a garden trimmer instead of pulling them down to avoid breaking the fragile branches.

Tips for harvest: When gaining and preparing super pepper such as Habinoros and ghost peppers, please always wear gloves to protect your skin.

Pests and pests: The same pests and diseases that bother the other members of the nightshade family occasionally attack peppers. Common diseases include bacterial leaf spots, flowers rot, tobacco and leaf virus, anthracnose, etc. Personal pests include corner, tomato corner, aphids, spider mites and thrips. You can avoid many of them by planting disease -resistant pepper varieties and practice rotations.

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